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Cameroon: DECREE No. 92/456/PM OF 24 NOVEMBER 1992 TO SET UP AND ORGANIZE THE NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL COMMITTEE THE PRIME MINISTER, HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

DECREE No. 92/456/PM OF 24 NOVEMBER 1992 TO SET UP AND ORGANIZE THE NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL COMMITTEE THE PRIME MINISTER, HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

MINDFUL   of the Constitution;

MINDFUL  of Decree No. 92/069 of 9 April 1992 to Organize the Government;

MINDFUL   of Decree No. 92/089 of 4 May 1992 to fix the duties of the    Prime Minister;

MINDFUL   of Decree No. 92/068 of 9 April 1992 to appoint a Prime Minister;

Hereby decrees as follows:

CHAPTER 1

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

 

Article 1: (1) A national drug control committee referred to hereunder as the “Committee” is hereby set up.

(2) The Committee shall be an advisory body at the Ministry in charge of Public Health.

(3) Its headquarters  shall be in Yaounde.

Article 2: (1) The Committee shall be charged with coordinating and examining all matters related to the illegal use and abuse of drugs. To this end:

 

  1. it shall participate in the control of the illegal and illicit consumption of natural or synthetic  psychotropic toxic substances which cause periodic or chronic intoxication and which are harmful both to the individual and society.

 

  1. it shall identify the causes such as family set up, social structures, ideologies, and prevailing economic aspects.

 

Article 3: (1) To accomplish its missions, the Committee shall collaborate with:

 

  • medical officials within the framework of drug addiction prevention and the prescription of treatment to drug addicts;

 

  • social welfare officials with the view to rehabilitating drug addicts;

 

  • judicial authorities and judicial police officers for the prevention of the traffic and enforcement of the legislation on drug addiction;
  • all authorities within the framework of research with a view to identifying substances present in the national territory, their circulation and the nature of the traffic;

(2) It shall co-operate with the international drug control body especially with regard to:

  • controlling the production, importation or exportation of drugs;
  • reinforcing prevention by progressively reducing demand;
  • implementing any action relating to the treatment and social rehabilitation of drug addicts;
  • curbing supply by eradicating plantations, and supervising the transformation of drug derivatives;

 

CHAPTER II

ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING

SECTION I: COMPOSITION

Article 4: (1) Presided over by the Minister in charge of Public Health, the Committee shall comprise the following members:

  • the Minister in charge of Social Affairs;
  • the Minister in charge of Justice;
  • the Minister in charge of Labour;
  • the Minister in charge of Defense;
  • the Minister in charge of External Relations;
  • the Minister in charge of Youth Affairs;
  • the Minister in charge of Territorial Administration;
  • the Minister in charge of National Education;
  • the Minister in charge of Communication;
  • the Minister in charge of Industrial and Commercial Development;
  • the Minister in charge of Environment;
  • the Minister in charge of Agriculture;
  • the Minister in charge of Higher Education;
  • the Minister in charge of Culture;
  • the Minister in charge of Finance;
  • the Delegate General for National Security;

(2) Ministers and the Delegate General for National Security may, if need be, be represented.

(3) The Committee may invite any person based on his competence. He shall take part in deliberations and shall have the right to vote.

SECTION II: FUNCTIONING

Article 5: Organs may be set up within the Committee whose names, duties, number and mode of functioning shall be fixed by order of the Minister in charge of Public Health.

Article 6: The Committee shall lay down by laws which shall make rules governing its functioning.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTERR III

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Article 7: (1) The resources required for the functioning of the Committee shall be provided by State subsidies, donations and gifts.

(2) The Committee shall be managed and supervised in accordance with public accounting rules.

Article 8: The present decree shall be registered, published according to the procedure of urgency and inserted in the Official Gazette in English and French and shall come into force with effect from the date of its publication.

 

 

ORDER No. 001145/MSP OF 6 DECEMBER 1995 TO SET UP AND LAY DOWN THE CONDITIONS FOR THE FUNCTIONING OF THE NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL COMMITTEE BODIES

 

THE MINISTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH

 

Mindful of   the CONSTITUTION;

Mindful of   Decree No. 92/245 of 26 November 1992 to organize the Government and its subsequent amendments;

Mindful of Decree No. 94/141 of 21 July to reshuffle the Government;

Mindful of   especially article 5 of Decree No. 92/456/PM of 24 November 1992 to set up and organize the National Drug Control Committee;

 

 

 

Hereby orders as follows:

 

Chapter 1

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1: This order shall set up and lay down the conditions for the functioning of the bodies of the National Drug Control Committee, referred to here below as the “Committee”.

Article 2: The Committee shall comprise the following bodies:

  • a permanent secretariat;
  • sub-committees.

 

CHAPTER II

THE PERMANENT SECRETARIAT

Article 3: Under the coordination of a Permanent Secretary, appointed by decision of the Minister of in charge of Public Health, the Permanent Secretariat shall be charged with;

  • following-up the execution of the Committee’s resolutions;
  • preparing the Committee’s meetings;
  • conserving and publishing documents;
  • running the secretarial duties of the Committee’s meetings;
  • setting up and managing data banks.

 

Article 4: (1) The Permanent Secretary shall be assisted by the:

  • Director of Pharmacy and Drugs;
  • Sub-Director of Mental Health;
  • Head of the Legal Unit.

 

(2) They shall be assisted, if need be, by other persons of Cameroonian or foreign nationality who are competent in drug related issues.

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

SUB-COMMITTEES

Article 5: (1) The Committee shall comprise six (6) sub-committees:

  • The sub-committee for prevention;
  • The sub-committee for demand and supply control;
  • The sub-committee for legislation and repression;
  • The sub-committee for rehabilitation;
  • The sub-committee for international co-operation;
  • The sub-committee for

 

(2) Other sub-committees may be set up, if need be, by proposal of the Committee.

(3) Each sub-committee shall appoint a secretary from amongst its members.

Article 6: (1)Each sub-committee shall meet at least once each quarter upon the invitation of its Chairperson or the Chairperson of the Committee.

(2) The minutes of meetings shall be forwarded to the Chairperson of the sub-committee or the Committee no later than fifteen (15) days after it is held.

 

SECTION I

THE SUB-COMMITTEE FOR PREVENTION

Article 7: (1) Presided over by the Representative of the Minister in charge of Youth and Sports, the sub-committee for prevention shall comprise the following members:

  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Social and Women’s Affairs;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of National Education;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Communication;
  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Labour and Social Insurance;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Culture;

 

  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Territorial Administration;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Public Health.

 

(2) It shall especially be charged with putting in place methods and systems to determine the frequency of drug abuse. To this end, itshallorganize;

  • evaluation of the incidence of the improper use and abuse of drugs;
  • general systems for data collection and evaluation:
  • prevention of drug use in and out of school;
  • communities, detection and prevention organs, health services, social and teaching services in joint control, prevention and drug abuse programmes;
  • entertainment activities for continuous drug abuse campaigns;
  • active participation of the media in campaigns and prevention actions;
  • data bank on prevention.

 

SECTION II

SUB-COMMITTEE FOR THE CONTROL OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY

 

Article 8: (1) Presided over by the Minister in charge of Public Health, the sub-committee for the control of demand and supply shall comprise the following members:

  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Defense;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Agriculture;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Environment and Forests;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Customs;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Industrial and Commercial Development;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of External Relations;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Territorial Administration;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Transport;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Communication;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of
  • a representative of the Secretary of State for Internal Security.

 

(2) Its main mission shall be to supervise national drug control in accordance with the 1971 Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol. To this end, itshallbechargedwith:

 

  • ensuring the reinforcement of the international drug control system;
  • controlling the rational use of pharmaceutical products containing drugs or psychotropic substances;
  • collaborating actively in reinforcing the control of the international movement of psychotropic substances;
  • updating the list of psychotropic substances under control and circulating in the country;
  • controlling the commercialization of precursors , essential chemical products and equipment for the production of derivatives;
  • controlling similar substances under international supervision;
  • spot the illegal cultivation of plants used to produce drugs;
  • destroy “illegal plants” while respecting their socio-cultural aspects and traditional pharmacopoeia;
  • initiate projects to reconvert areas formerly devoted to drug cultivation;
  • set up and manage a data bank on demand and supply.

 

SECTION III

SUB-COMMITTEE FOR LEGISLATION AND REPRESSION

Article 9: (1) Presided over by the representative of the Ministry in charge of Justice, the sub-committee for legislation and repression shall comprise the following members:

 

  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Defense;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Customs;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Territorial Administration;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Communication;
  • a representative of the Secretary of State for Internal Security;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of External Relations.

 

(2) It shall especially be charged with;

  • promoting and ensuring the implementation of national legislation in accordance with International Treaties;
  • laying down the conditions for the implementation of national policy on the repression of drug trafficking.

 

 

SECTION IV

SUB-COMMITTEE FOR REHABILITATION

Article 10: (1) The Sub-Committee for rehabilitation shall be chaired by the representative of the Ministry in charge of Social Affairs and shall comprise the following members:

  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Youth and Sports;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Labour and Social Insurance;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Public Health;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Culture;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Communication;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Agriculture;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Industrial and Commercial Development;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Territorial Administration;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of National Education;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of High Education;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of External Relations.

 

(2) It shall especially be charged with;

 

  • carrying out an inventory of available rehabilitation methods and techniques;
  • training educators and social workers charged with the rehabilitation of drug addicts;
  • caring for delinquent drug addicts under detention and in prison during rehabilitation projects;
  • organizing social rehabilitation for beneficiaries of treatment and rehabilitation programmes in collaboration with health teams;
  • contacting international rehabilitation network programmes;
  • putting in place individual and family support mechanisms to

prevent   relapses;

  • adapting rehabilitation and readaptation to our country’s socio-culturalcontext;
  • to collaborate with non-governmental organizations involved inreadaptation;

–   setting up and manage a data bank.

 

SECTION V

 

SUB-COMMITTEE FOR TREATMENT

Article 11 (1) The Sub-committee for treatment shall be chaired by the representative of the Minister in charge of Public Health and shall comprise the following members:

  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Social and Women’s Affairs;
  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Higher Education;
  • a representative of the Minister in charge of National Education;
  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Youth and Sports;
  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Communication;

 

(2) He shall especially be charged with;

 

  • proposing a policy adapted to the socio-cultural context in accordance with international provisions on the treatment of drug addicts;
  • selecting relevant treatment programmes;
  • training personnel caring for drug addicts;
  • reducing the consequences of illnesses and infections resulting from drug addiction;
  • organizing the treatment of delinquent drug addicts under detention and in prison;
  • putting in place a screening strategy;
  • integrating the treatment of drug addicts in the physical and mental health care system like primary health care;
  • collaborating with non-governmental organizations in treatment programmes;
  • introducing drug free cheap treatment;
  • setting up and managing data banks.

 

 

SECTION VI

SUB-COMMITTEE FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Article12. (1) The Sub-committee for international cooperation shall be chaired by the representative of the Minister in charge of Public Health and shall comprise the following members:

  • a representative of the Minister in charge of Social Affairs;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Justice;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Public Health;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Industrial and Commercial Development;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Communication;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of the Environment and Forests;
  • a representative of the Ministry in charge of Economy and Finance;
  • a representative of the Secretary of State for Internal Security.

 

(2) It shall especially be charged with searching and exploiting all information or reports relating to bilateral and multilateral co-operation on the global circulation of drugs. To this end, itshall:

  • follow up the drafting and ratification of different international conventions;
  • popularize United Nations recommendations and decisions on drug control;
  • maintain permanent contact with bodies or international networks specialized in drug control;
  • coordinate aid received from States and international bodies.

 

CHAPTER IV

MISCELLANEOUS AND FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 13: The duties of member of the Permanent Secretariat and of sub-committees shall be free of charge.

Article 14: The running costs of the Permanent Secretariat and the sub-committees shall be entered into the budget of the Committee.

Article 15: This present order shall be registered, published according to the procedure of urgency and inserted in the Official Gazette in English and French.

 

Yaounde, 6 December 1999

Joseph OWONA

                                                                Minister of Public Health

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